The Science of Goodness (and of the Sun)

In his mythopoiesis of ‘Goodness’ and ‘Justice’, Plato affirms the primacy of Goodness over other ideas, comparing it to the sun: “As in the visible sphere, the light of the sun and vision can correctly be considered similar to the sun, but it is not correct to assume that they are the sun, so in this other sphere it is correct to assume that ‘truth’ (ἀλήθεια) and ‘science’ (ἐπιστήμη) are both similar to Goodness, but it would be incorrect to think that one or the other of them are Goodness: the condition of Goodness is due the highest honour” (Republic, 509a).

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